Lévi-Strauss, Claude
(1908– )
French anthropologist and structuralist. Educated in law, Lévi-Strauss received a doctorate in philosophy at the Sorbonne. He was appointed to a French university mission to Brazil, serving as professor at São Paulo from 1935 to 1938. From there he led several expeditions into the Mato Grosso and the Amazon. Subsequently he taught in the United States before receiving the chair of social anthropology in the Collège de France, from which he retired in 1982. Lévi-Strauss is the most important structuralist anthropologist. He learned from Saussure the importance of studying the unconscious infrastructure of human phenomena, and of seeing the elements of a system only in terms of their positional significance or relations with other elements. Part of his doctoral thesis made Les Structures élémentaires de la parenté (1949, trs. as The Elementary Structures of Kinship, 1969), demonstrating the formal similarity between kinship systems and the phonetic systems studied by Saussure. Later works include La Pensée sauvage (1966, trs. as The Savage Mind, 1968), in which he opposes Lévy-Bruhl's doctrine of ‘primitive mentality’, and Tristes Tropiques (1955, trs. under the same title, 1961).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • LEVI-STRAUSS, CLAUDE — (1908– ), French anthropologist. Born in Brussels, Belgium, and educated at the Sorbonne, he was chosen as a member of the French University mission to Brazil in 1934 where he became professor of sociology at the University of São Paulo from 1935 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — (1908 )    anthropologist    The leading proponent of structuralism in social anthropology, Claude Lévi Strauss was born in Brussels, Belgium, and raised in France. He studied at the sorbonne and, in 1935, became professor of sociology (1935 39)… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — born Nov. 28, 1908, Brussels, Belg. Belgian French social anthropologist and leading exponent of structuralism. Lévi Strauss originally studied philosophy at the University of Paris (1927–32) but went on to teach sociology at the University of… …   Universalium

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — ► (n. 1908) Antropólogo francés. En 1941 emigró a E.U.A., donde experimentó la influencia de la escuela lingüística de Jakobson, cuyo método estructuralista decidió utilizar en etnología. Propugnó la elaboración de modelos formales como medio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Levi-Strauss, Claude — (b. 1898)    Anthropologist. When Brussels born Professor Levi Strauss was elected a member of the French Academy in May 1973, The Times of London commented that he had ‘established the great complexity and beauty of primitive cultures, and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Lévi-Strauss,Claude — Lé·vi Strauss (lāʹvē strousʹ), Claude. Born 1908. French social anthropologist and leading exponent of the theory of structuralism. His works include Structural Anthropology (1958) and Totemism (1962). * * * …   Universalium

  • Levi-Strauss, Claude — (b. 1908)    French anthropologist. Born in Brussels, he studied at the Sorbonne and became professor in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and later Director of Studies, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in Paris and professor at the College de France. His works …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude — See Structuralism (french) and after …   History of philosophy

  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude —  (1908–) French anthropologist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • LÉVI-STRAUSS, Claude — (1908 )    French ANTHROPOLOGIST and originator of structuralism. Although immensely influential in anthropology, he did very little fieldwork and is more a philosopher and armchair anthropologist in the tradition of Sir James FRAZER than an… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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