Anselm, St
(1033/4–1109)
Medieval philosopher and theologian. Born in Aosta in Northern Italy, Anselm became a Benedictine, and was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093, although he spent many of the following years in exile. He staunchly defended the rights of the Church, and in theology the rights of reason, which he saw as a buttress to faith rather than a source of scepticism. His two principal theological treatises are the Monologion (‘Soliloquy’) and the Proslogion (‘Discourse’). The former contains versions of the cosmological argument and argument from the existence of goodness to the existence of a supreme good. The latter contains the famous ontological argument for the existence of God. Anselm also wrote many dialogues concerned with particular problems in logic and theology: De Veritate (‘Of truth’), De Libertate Arbitrii (‘Of free choice’), and De Grammatico contain linguistic and analytical investigations that justify his claim to be the father of scholastic philosophy. His Cur Deus Homo (‘Why was God man?’) interprets the atonement in terms of satisfaction due to the outraged majesty of God, which remains one of the main competing explanations available to Christian theology.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • ANSELM, ST. —    archbishop of Canterbury, a native of Aosta, in Piedmont, monk and abbot; visited England frequently, gained the favour of King Rufus, who appointed him to succeed Lanfranc, quarrelled with Rufus and left the country, but returned at the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Anselm, St. — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Anselm, St. [1] — Anselm, St., Erzbischof von Canterbury, geb. 1033 zu Aosta in Piemont, ging nach dem Tode seiner Mutter als 16jähriger Jüngling in das Kloster Bec in der Normandie, wo er sich solche Achtung erwarb, daß er zuerst Prior und endlich Abt wurde. Der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Anselm, St. [2] — Anselm, St., von Lucca, weil er dort seinem eben so genannten Oheim, dem spätern Papst Alexander II. auf dem bischöflichen Stuhle folgte, war einer der eifrigsten und tüchtigsten Gehilfen Gregors VII. in seinem weltgeschichtlichen Kampfe; er st.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Anselm — Anselm, St …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Anselm's — Anselm, St …   Philosophy dictionary

  • St. Anselm —     St. Anselm     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Anselm     Archbishop of Canterbury, Doctor of the Church; born at Aosta a Burgundian town on the confines of Lombardy, died 21 April, 1109. His father, Gundulf, was a Lombard who had become a… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Anselm — noun an Italian who was a Benedictine monk; was archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109; one of the founders of scholasticism; best known for his proof of the existence of God • Syn: ↑Saint Anselm, ↑St. Anselm • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archbishop …   Useful english dictionary

  • St Anselm's College (disambiguation) — St Anselm s College may refer to: * Saint Anselm College, a private Roman Catholic liberal arts college in Manchester, New Hampshire, US. * St. Anselm s College, Birkenhead, a Catholic grammar school in Merseyside, England.St Anselm s College may …   Wikipedia

  • St. Anselm of Lucca, the Younger —     St. Anselm of Lucca, the Younger     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Anselm of Lucca, the Younger     Born at Mantua c. 1036; d. in the same city, 18 March, 1086. He was nephew of Anselm of Lucca, the Elder, who ascended the Papal throne as… …   Catholic encyclopedia

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