Lacan, Jacques
(1901–1981)
French psychoanalyst and intellectual. Lacan was director of the École Freudienne de Paris from 1963, but his influence rested more on the series of seminars that he gave at the university of Paris from 1953, and which decisively influenced French thought of the time. His endeavour was to reinterpret Freud in the light of the structural approach to linguistics inaugurated by Saussure . Language becomes a manifestation of the structures present in the unconscious. The central theme is that the growing child must give up the narcissistic stage of absorption in the mother, and becomes aware of loss and difference as it begins to take its place in a network of linguistic and social roles. The repressions involved in this procedure open up a world of insatiable desires. Lacan's work is notoriously obscure, repeating the same shifting nature of dreams and, presumably, the unconscious; like that of Derrida after him it is also replete with wordplays, puns, and reason-defying leaps. His lectures, in transcript, are collected in the two-volume Écrits (1966, 1971, trs. under the same title, 1977).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 81)    by Alison Ross   Jacques Lacan was a French psychoanalyst most famous for his structuralist interpretation of Freudian psychoanalysis. Despite his structuralist fame his work can be divided into many different phases, including an… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 81)    by Alison Ross   Jacques Lacan was a French psychoanalyst most famous for his structuralist interpretation of Freudian psychoanalysis. Despite his structuralist fame his work can be divided into many different phases, including an… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 83) Lacan was a French psychoanalyst and doctor of medicine who reinterpreted the work of Sigmund Freud in the light of the structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure . He trained at the Paris Medical Faculty, in 1963 became Chargé de… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Lacan, Jacques — ▪ French psychologist in full  Jacques Marie Émile Lacan  born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris       French psychoanalyst who gained an international reputation as an original interpreter of Sigmund Freud s (Freud,… …   Universalium

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 1981)    psychiatrist, psychoanalyst    Born in Paris, Jacques Lacan came to psychoanalysis after his thesis, Psychose paronoïaque dans ses rapports avec la personalité (1932) opened new paths to the study of psychosis. His analysis is of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Lacan, Jacques — See Structuralism (french) and after …   History of philosophy

  • Lacan, Jacques —   (1901 81)   see clones + cloning , cool memories , imaginary , language , psychoanalysis , other + otherness , sign and utopia …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques-Marie-Emile —    (1901–1981)    The founder of an independent school of thought within psychoanalysis, Lacan was born in Paris into an upper middle class family. As an intern at the psychiatric hospitals of the Seine department (Paris), in 1928 he spent a year …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile) — born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris French psychoanalyst. A practicing psychiatrist in Paris for much of his career, Lacan emphasized the primacy of language as the mirror of the unconscious mind and introduced the study… …   Universalium

  • Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile) — (13 abr. 1901, París, Francia–9 sep. 1981, París). Psicoanalista francés. Practicó la psiquiatría en París durante gran parte de su carrera. Lacan puso énfasis en la primacía del lenguaje como el espejo del inconsciente, e introdujo el estudio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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