Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye
(1813–1855)
Danish philosopher and theologian, generally acknowledged to be the first existentialist . Born to scholarly and pietistic parents, Kierkegaard enrolled at the university of Copenhagen, then much under the influence of Hegel, in 1830. He rebelled against both the system-building of Hegel, and the formalities of the surrounding Danish Lutheran church. After a period of mild hedonism he completed his religious studies, but, narrowly avoiding marriage, thereafter lived the life of a scholarly recluse. Kierkegaard utterly rejected the Hegelian system as an attempt to put man in the place of God, ignoring the partial, subjective, and limited standpoint from which all human judgement is made. Hence he is led to emphasize the primacy of the will and of free choice unconstrained by reason or cause: where human action and judgement are involved there is no objectivity, no external rails or authority. True to this creed his works are many-sided and apparently contradictory; some were published under pseudonyms, so that he himself could attack them in later work. His influence expanded in the 20th century, in particular amongst thinkers concerned with problems of religious and ethical choice, and especially amongst existentialists concerned with the same problems. His works include Enteneller (1843, trs. as Either/Or: A Fragment of Life, 1944), Afsluttende Uvidenskabelig Efterskrift (1846, trs. as Concluding Unscientific Postscript, 1941), and Sygdomen Til Døden (1849, trs. as The Sickness unto Death, 1941).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye — (1813–55)    Philosopher.    Kierkegaard was born into a Lutheran family in Copenhagen, Denmark. By normal standards, he did not have a successful life. He was twentyseven before he finished his university course; he broke off his engagement and… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Kierkegaard, Søren (Aabye) — born May 5, 1813, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 11, 1855, Copenhagen Danish religious philosopher, regarded as the founder of existentialism. He studied theology at the University of Copenhagen. He is remembered for his critique of systematic… …   Universalium

  • Kierkegaard, Søren (Aabye) — 5 may. 1813, Copenhague,– Dinamarca 11 nov. 1855, Copenhague). Filósofo religioso danés, considerado fundador del existencialismo. Estudió teología en la Universidad de Copenhague. Es recordado por su crítica de la filosofía racional sistemática …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye — (1813 55)    A Danish philosopher, considered by many to be the first philosopher of existentialism, Kierkegaard vociferously attacked what seemed to him two false conceptions of Christianity: Hegel s rationalistic dialectic of history and the… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Kierkegaard, Soren Aabye — ► (1813 55) Filósofo y teólogo danés. Padre del existencialismo. En 1838 tuvo una profunda experiencia religiosa que le condicionó toda su posterior actividad intelectual. La fe para Kierkegaard no podía ser nunca conformismo ni reposo, sino… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kierkegaard, Søren (Aabye) —  (1813–1855) Danish philosopher …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Søren Aabye Kierkegaard — Søren Kierkegaard Søren Kierkegaard Philosophe danois XIXe siècle Naissance  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kierkegaard, Søren — ▪ Danish philosopher Introduction in full  Søren Aabye Kierkegaard  born May 5, 1813, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 11, 1855, Copenhagen  Danish philosopher, theologian, and cultural critic who was a major influence on Existentialism and Protestant… …   Universalium

  • Soren Aabye Kierkegaard — n. family name; Soren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813 1855), Danish philosopher, forerunner and founder of existentialism …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Soren Aabye Kierkegaard — noun Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813 1855) • Syn: ↑Kierkegaard, ↑Soren Kierkegaard • Instance Hypernyms: ↑philosopher …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”