Kelsen, Hans
(1881–1973)
Austrian jurist and philosopher of law. Kelsen is known for the most rigorous development of a ‘positivist’ theory of law, i.e. one that rigorously excludes from its analysis any ethical, political, or historical considerations, and finds the essence of the legal order in the ‘black letter’ or laid-down law. A system of law is based on a Grundnorm or ground rule, from which flows the validity of other statements of law in the system. The ground rule might be that some particular dictates or propositions, such as those of the sovereign, are to be obeyed. The Grundnorm can only be changed by political revolution. The theory is best known in its development in the Allgemeine Staatslehre (1925, trs. and revised as General Theory of Law and State, 1945).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KELSEN, HANS — (1881–1973), jurist, whose pure theory of law made him one of the most famous legal theoreticians of the 20th century. Born in Prague, Kelsen was taken to Vienna when he was 14. He studied at the universities of Vienna, Heidelberg, and Berlin,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kelsen, Hans — ▪ American scholar born Oct. 11, 1881, Prague, Bohemia, Austria Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died April 20, 1973, Berkeley, Calif., U.S.       Austrian American legal philosopher, teacher, jurist, and writer on international law, who… …   Universalium

  • Kelsen, Hans — (1881–1973)    Kelsen, who came from Prague, was the architect of the constitution of the First Austrian Republic, issued in 1920. Widely known as a professor of constitutional and administrative law, he was also a philosopher and a practicing… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Kelsen, Hans — ► (1881 1973) Jurista austríaco. En su teoría del Estado se inspira la llamada escuela de Viena. Fue el autor de la Constitución austríaca de 1920 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kelsen Hans — Кельзен Ханс (1881 1973) юрист, в 1917 1940 профессор Венского, Кёльнского, Женевского университетов. Один из основателей нормативизма в праве. Выдвинул идею чистого учения о праве …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Kelsen — Kelsen, Hans …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kelsen — Hans Kelsen Hans Kelsen, né le 11 octobre 1881 à Prague sous l Empire Austro Hongrois, décédé le 19 avril 1973 à Orinda en Californie, est un juriste austro américain, fils d une famille juive de Bohème et de Galicie. Dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KELSEN (H.) — KELSEN HANS (1881 1973) Juriste et théoricien de la science du droit, né à Prague, mort à Berkeley (États Unis). En 1911, Hans Kelsen est privatdocent, puis, de 1919 à 1929, professeur de droit public à Vienne; il enseigne ensuite à Cologne (1930 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hans Kelsen — Busto de Hans Kelsen en la Universidad de Viena. Hans Kelsen (Praga, 11 de octubre de 1881 – Berkeley, California, 19 de abril de 1973) fue un jurista, político y filósofo del derecho austríaco de origen judío …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hans Kelsen — Hans Kelsen, né le 11 octobre 1881 à Prague sous l Empire austro hongrois, décédé le 19 avril 1973 à Orinda en Californie, est un juriste austro américain, fils d une famille juive de Bohême et de Galicie. Dans le domaine du… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”