Jaspers, Karl
(1883–1969)
German existentialist theologian. Born in Oldenberg in Germany, Jaspers began his career as a medical student. From 1921 to 1937 he was professor of philosophy at Heidelberg, but was removed by the Nazis, and although reinstated in 1945 he eventually settled in Basel. Jaspers was centrally a psychologist and theologian, concentrating upon the psychological nature of encounters with God, and deriving from Kierkegaard and Nietzsche a sense of philosophy not as a rational investigation of the world, but as a private, lived-out struggle. Although sharing the existentialist preoccupation with moments of death, guilt, and Angst, Jaspers was somewhat more optimistic about the possibilities for human existence than some of his contemporaries. His numerous works include the three-volume Philosophie (1932, trs. as Philosophy, 1967–71).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Jaspers, Karl — ▪ German philosopher Introduction in full  Karl Theodor Jaspers  born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger. died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz.  German philosopher, one of the most important Existentialists in Germany, who approached the subject from man… …   Universalium

  • Jaspers, Karl —    (1883–1969)    Jaspers was born in Oldenburg in northern Germany, studied law, qualified in medicine in 1908 at Heidelberg, then from 1908 to 1915 served as a part time assistant at the Heidelberg psychiatric clinic under Franz Nissl; he… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Jaspers, Karl — (1883–1969)    Philosopher.    Jaspers was educated at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. He stayed on at the university to teach until he was forced to resign by the Nazis. Although he was reinstated after the Second World War, he ended his… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Jaspers, Karl — (1883 1969)    philosopher; among the founders of existen tialism. Born in Oldenburg in East Frisia, he studied law before taking a medical doctorate in 1909 at Heidelberg; he then worked at Heidelberg s psychiatric hospital as a research… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • JASPERS, Karl — (1883 1973)    German EXISTENTIALIST philosopher. Practiced in psychiatry and then moved via psychology to philosophy, finally accepting a professorship at Heidelberg in 1921. He was ousted from his post during the Nazi era but returned after the …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Jaspers, Karl — See Religion ( …   History of philosophy

  • Jaspers, Karl — ► (1883 1969) Filósofo alemán. Iniciador de la filosofía existencial alemana. Su primera obra importante, Psicopatología general (1913), ofreció una nueva clasificación de las enfermedades mentales. Su concepto de la existencia se basa en un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaspers, Karl (Theodor) — born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger. died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz. German Swiss philosopher and psychiatrist. As a research psychiatrist, he helped establish psychopathology on a rigorous, scientifically descriptive basis, especially in his… …   Universalium

  • Jaspers, Karl Theodor — (1883 1969)    The most famous German existentialist after Heidegger, Jaspers, who started out in medicine before turning to philosophy, distanced himself from his illustrious predecessor. His magnum opus was the three volume Philosophy (1932),… …   Christian Philosophy

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