implicature
Term introduced by Grice for the implications of an utterance that go beyond what is strictly implied by the content of the utterance. Thus, if I am asked what I think of my new colleague and I reply, ‘They tell me his spelling is good’, then although nothing about his philosophical abilities follows from what I actually say, nevertheless my saying it implies that I hold a low opinion of those abilities. A conversation may largely hinge on implicatures, as when one damns with faint praise. Views about the meanings of terms will often depend on classifying the implications of sayings involving the terms as implicatures or as genuine logical implications of what is said. Implicatures may be divided into two kinds: conversational implicatures of the kind illustrated, and the more subtle category of conventional implicatures. Here a term may have the same content as another, but its use may as a matter of convention carry an implicature. Thus one view of the relation between ‘he is poor and honest’ and ‘he is poor but honest’ is that they have the same content (are true in just the same conditions), but that as a matter of the meaning of the term ‘but’ the second has implicatures (that the combination is surprising or significant) that the first lacks.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Implicature — is a technical term in the pragmatics subfield of linguistics, coined by H. P. Grice, which refers to what is suggested in an utterance, even though neither expressed nor strictly implied (that is, entailed) by the utterance.[1] For example, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Implicature — conversationnelle L implicature conversationnelle est un terme de la linguistique pragmatique forgé par le philosophe Paul Grice [1], qui explique ce concept à l aide de ses maximes [2]. Elle se réfère à ce qui est suggéré ou signifié par un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • implicature — /im pli keuh cheuhr/, n. Philos., Ling. potential inference that is not logical entailment. Cf. conversational implicature. [IMPLICATE + URE] * * * …   Universalium

  • implicature — /im pli keuh cheuhr/, n. Philos., Ling. potential inference that is not logical entailment. Cf. conversational implicature. [IMPLICATE + URE] …   Useful english dictionary

  • implicature — noun An implied meaning that is not expressed directly. See Also: implication …   Wiktionary

  • implicature — [ ɪmplɪˌkətʃə, ˌkeɪtʃə] noun the action of implying a meaning beyond the literal sense of what is explicitly stated, for example saying the frame is nice and implying I don t like the picture in it …   English new terms dictionary

  • implicature — UK [ɪmˈplɪkətʃə(r)] / US [ɪmˈplɪkətʃər] noun [uncountable] formal 1) the act of suggesting that something is true, although you do not say it directly 2) something that you suggest is true, although you do not say it directly …   English dictionary

  • implicature — /ˈɪmplɪkeɪtʃə/ (say implikaytchuh) noun Logic the relationship between two statements whereby one suggests the other but does not require it, as in Mary had a baby and got married in which one assumes that Mary got married because of the baby.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Implicature conversationnelle — L implicature conversationnelle est un terme de la linguistique pragmatique forgé par le philosophe Paul Grice[1], qui explique ce concept à l aide de ses maximes [2]. Elle se réfère à ce qui est suggéré ou signifié par un locuteur, de façon… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • conversational implicature — See implicature …   Philosophy dictionary

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