Anaximander of Miletus


Anaximander of Miletus
(c. 610–547/6 BC)
The first Greek philosopher and astronomer whose thought is known in any detail. Anaximander constructed the first precise geometrical model of the universe, and produced maps of both the earth and the heavens. His inventions included the gnomon or upright pointer of the sundial used for tracking hours and seasons. Philosophically he is remembered for the quasi-theological conception of the apeiron or the boundless, limitless, imperishable, and eternal surrounding, which is also the archē or beginning of the cosmological process. The conception is an improvement on the cosmology of Thales, in that Anaximander sees that the attempt to find one kind of matter, out of which everything else in all its variety is made, must end not with water or fire or some other particular kind of matter, but with something independent of both structure and form: something about which nothing can be said. Out of the apeiron worlds are produced by a conflict of opposites, itself an ‘injustice’ for which things pay restitution to one another.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Anaximander of Miletus — (c. 611 bc) Greek philosopher Anaximander, who was born and died in Miletus (now in Turkey), belonged to the first school of natural philosophy and was the pupil of Thales. He wrote one of the earliest treatises but none of his writings survive… …   Scientists

  • Anaximander — of Miletus …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Miletus — • A titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Aphrodisias, in Caria Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Miletus     Miletus     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Anaximander — otheruses4|the Pre Socratic philosopherInfobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = Pre Socratic philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = Detail of Raphael s painting The School of Athens , 1510–1511. This could be a representation of… …   Wikipedia

  • Miletus — This article is about the ancient city of Anatolia. For other uses, see Miletus (disambiguation). Miletus Μίλητος   Ancient Polis   Turkish transcription(s)  – Modern name Milet …   Wikipedia

  • Anaximander — Anaximandrian /euh nak seuh man dree euhn/, adj. /euh nak seuh man deuhr/, n. 611? 547? B.C., Greek astronomer and philosopher. * * * born 610 BC, Miletus died 546/545 BC Greek philosopher, often called the founder of astronomy. He apparently… …   Universalium

  • Miletus — Milet (ionisch: Μίλητος Miletos, dorisch: Μίλατος Milatos, äolisch: Μίλλατος Millatos, lateinisch: Miletus, hethitisch Millawanda), auch Palatia (Mittelalter) und Balat (Neuzeit) genannt, war eine antike Stadt an der Westküste Kleinasiens, in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Miletus — /muy lee teuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a son of Apollo and Aria, and the founder of the city of Miletus. 2. an ancient city in Asia Minor, on the Aegean. * * * Ancient Greek city of western Anatolia. Before 500 BC it was the greatest Greek city in… …   Universalium

  • Anaximander — noun (c. 610 BC–c. 546 BC) A pre Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus; pupil of Thales and teacher of Anaximenes …   Wiktionary

  • ANAXIMANDER —    a Greek philosopher of Miletus, derived the universe from a material basis, indeterminate and eternal (611 547 B.C.) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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