Grosseteste, Robert
(c. 1168–1253)
English medieval philosopher. Born in Suffolk, Grosseteste gained a reputation in medicine, and after study in Paris became perhaps the first Chancellor of the university of Oxford. He taught the Franciscans in Oxford, and became Bishop of Lincoln in 1235. He represented an Augustinian tradition, filtered through Avicenna and Anselm, in contrast to the prevailing Aristotelian influence in the schools of Paris. Grosseteste had scientific interests; he was particularly concerned with the nature of light, which he thought had to be studied by essentially mathematical methods. In the Platonic tradition, he thought that the nature or form of body is itself light, since it is light alone that diffuses itself instantaneously in every direction, and is therefore capable of filling space. Between 1215 and 1235 he composed various works on the subject including De Luce (‘On Light’). Grosseteste was one of the first western thinkers to realize that, in the pursuit of science, unaided observation and memory must be supplemented by care in isolating relevant factors. His scientific interests were especially influential on Roger Bacon . He also wrote on Aristotle's ethics, and translated works by Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite, and John Damascene.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Grosseteste, Robert — • Bishop of Lincoln and one of the most learned men of the Middle Ages; b. about 1175; d. 9 October, 1253 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Grosseteste, Robert — (ca. 1167–1253)    Robert Grosseteste was an English cleric, statesman and scholar. He was the first chancellor of Oxford University and, later, bishop of Lincoln. He was also a prolific writer, producing sermons, commentaries on the Bible and on …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Grosseteste, Robert — born с 1175, Suffolk, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1253, Buckden, Buckinghamshire English bishop and scholar. He introduced Latin translations of Greek and Arabic writings in philosophy and science to Europe. After serving as chancellor of the University of …   Universalium

  • Grosseteste, Robert — See Metaphysics and science in the thirteenth century …   History of philosophy

  • Grosseteste, Robert — ( 1175, Suffolk, Inglaterra–9 oct. 1253, Buckden, Buckinghamshire). Obispo y erudito inglés. Introdujo en Europa traducciones latinas de obras filosóficas y científicas escritas en griego y árabe. Tras haber sido rector de la Universidad de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GROSSETESTE, ROBERT —    a famous bishop of Lincoln, born at Stradbroke, Suffolk, of peasant parents; a man of rare learning, he became a lecturer in the Franciscan school at Oxford, and rose through various stages to be bishop of Lincoln in 1235; he was an active… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Grosseteste, Robert — (d. 1253)    Theologian and scholar, was b. of poor parents at Stradbrook, Suffolk, and studied at Oxf. and possibly Paris. His abilities and learning procured him many preferments; but after an illness he refused to be longer a pluralist, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Grosseteste — Robert Grosseteste (* vor 1170; † 9. Oktober 1253) war ein englischer Theologe und Philosoph und Bischof von Lincoln. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur 4 Webl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Grosseteste —     Robert Grosseteste     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Robert Grosseteste     Bishop of Lincoln and one of the most learned men of the Middle Ages; b. about 1175; d. 9 October, 1253. He came from Stradbroke in the county of Suffolk. Little is known …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Robert Grosseteste — Robert Grossetête Portrait datant du XIIe siècle de Grosseteste Robert Grossetête ou Grosseteste, dit aussi Robert de Lincoln, est un érudit anglais, séculier proche de l Ordre franciscain, évêque de Lincoln, né vers 1175 et mort en 1253. Une… …   Wikipédia en Français

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