Gramsci, Antonio
(1891–1937)
Italian communist and social theorist. Born in Sardinia and educated in Turin, Gramsci became one of the most celebrated 20th-century interpreters of Marx . A principal founder and the first general secretary of the Italian communist party, he was imprisoned from 1926 until his death. His major work is the posthumous Prison Notebooks, written between 1929 and 1935, which propounds a humanistic Marxism, stressing the need for a transformed self-consciousness or ‘battle of ideas’ in society before revolution would occur, and therefore dismissing the historical fatalism and materialism of orthodox Marxism. See also hegemony.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Gramsci, Antonio — born Jan. 23, 1891, Ales, Sardinia died April 27, 1937, Rome, Italy Italian intellectual and politician. After entering the University of Turin, he joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1914. In 1921 he left the Socialists to found the Italian… …   Universalium

  • Gramsci, Antonio — (1891–1937)    One of the most important and influential of Marxist thinkers. Antonio Gramsci outlined an interpretation of Marxism that offers an alternative to Leninism and suggests imaginative innovations and revisions to orthodox Marxism. In… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Gramsci, Antonio — (1891–1937)    Born in Cagliari, Sardinia, Gramsci overcame a serious childhood accident and his family’s limited economic means to attend the university in Turin. It was here that he began his involvement in politics, joining the Partito… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Gramsci, Antonio — (1891 1937) A prominent Italian Marxist theorist and noted critic of economic determinism . After a childhood marked by poverty and ill health, Gramsci entered the University of Turin, where he seems to have been a particularly talented student… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Gramsci,Antonio — Gram·sci (grämʹshē), Antonio. 1891 1937. Italian political leader and theorist who helped establish the Italian Communist party in 1921. Mussolini later outlawed the party and Gramsci was imprisoned (1926 1937). * * * …   Universalium

  • Gramsci, Antonio — ► (1891 1937) Político y teórico marxista italiano. Fundó, con Togliatti, el Partido Comunista Italiano (1921), y cuyo órgano, L´Unità, creó tres años después. Para Gramsci el marxismo no es un sistema sino una crítica continua junto con una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gramsci, Antonio — See Marxism ( …   History of philosophy

  • GRAMSCI, Antonio — (1891 1937)    Italian COMMUNIST leader and THEORETICAL MARXIST who is viewed by many as the most important European communist since LENIN. His works became fashionable among left wing intellectuals in Britain and America because they appeared to …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Gramsci, Antonio — (Ales, Oristano 1891 Roma 1937) scrittore e saggista; uomo politico …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Gramsci — Gramsci, Antonio …   Philosophy dictionary

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