gender
The distinction between sex and gender is attributed to the anthropologist Margaret Mead (Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies, 1935). Sex is the biological category, whereas gender is the culturally shaped expression of sexual difference: the masculine way in which men should behave and the feminine way in which women should behave. It is emphasized by de Beauvoir that in this system woman is the Other: the kind of person whose characteristics are described by contrast with the male norm . It is a central aim of much feminist thought to uncover concealed asymmetries of power in differences of gender, and to work for a society in which the polarization of gender is abolished.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • gender — гендер …   Термины гендерных исследований

  • gender — 1. Since the 14c the word has been primarily a grammatical term denoting groups of nouns in terms of their being masculine, feminine, or neuter. In the earliest form of English (Old English or Anglo Saxon, c. 740 to 1066), nouns fell into three… …   Modern English usage

  • Gender — Gen der (j[e^]n d[ e]r), n. [OF. genre, gendre (with excrescent d.), F.genre, fr. L. genus, generis, birth, descent, race, kind, gender, fr. the root of genere, gignere, to beget, in pass., to be born, akin to E. kin. See {Kin}, and cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gender — gender1 [jen′dər] n. [ME < OFr gendre, with unhistoric d < L genus (gen. generis), descent, origin, transl. Gr genos, race, class, sex: see GENUS] 1. Gram. a) the formal classification by which nouns are grouped and inflected, or changed in …   English World dictionary

  • gender — gen‧der [ˈdʒendə ǁ ər] noun [countable, uncountable] HUMAN RESOURCES the fact of being male or female: • Discrimination on the grounds of sex, race or gender is illegal. * * * gender UK US /ˈdʒendər/ noun [U] ► the condition of being either male… …   Financial and business terms

  • gender — ► NOUN 1) Grammar a class (usually masculine, feminine, common, or neuter) into which nouns and pronouns are placed in some languages. 2) the state of being male or female (with reference to social or cultural differences). 3) the members of one… …   English terms dictionary

  • Gender — Gen der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gendered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gendering}.] [OF. gendrer, fr. L. generare. See {Gender}, n.] To beget; to engender. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gender — [n] grammatical rules applying to nouns that connote sex or animateness common, feminine, gender specific, masculine, neuter; concept 408 …   New thesaurus

  • Gender — Gen der, v. i. To copulate; to breed. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gender — gender. sex (cм.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • gender — gender. См. пол. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

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